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The first concrete road was built in 1893 in Bellefontaine, OH and it is still in service today. Since that pioneering project, concrete pavements have been refined into five primary types:
• Jointed plain concrete pavement (JPCP) • Jointed reinforced concrete pavement (JRCP) • Continuously reinforced concrete pavement (CRCP) • Pervious concrete pavement • Roller-compacted concrete (RCC) pavement
The primary item that distinguishes between JPCP, JRCP, and CRCP is the jointing system used to control crack development. Pervious concrete pavement and RCC use different materials and construction methods than the three more-traditional concrete pavement types, and pervious concrete pavement offers stormwater management benefits. Each of these five types of concrete pavement can also be constructed as a concrete overlay.